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July Timeline

1 July, Friday

Calling it the “Friday of Retribution” hundreds of thousands of protesters gathered in Tahrir Square, as well as in Suez and Alexandria to express frustration with the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces for the slow pace of change, and to demand the speeding up of the trials of those in the Mubarak regime guilty of killing protesters during the January protests.

Protests on the “Friday of Retribution.”

3 July, Sunday

Egyptian revolutionaries called for another protest on Friday 8 July in order to demand scrupulous trials of Mubarak and his associates, better economic and social decisions to improve Egypt, the removal of pro-Mubarak elements in Egyptian government, the freedom of media and the unification of the Egyptian people.

4 July, Monday

Egyptians in the Suez protest the court’s decision to grant police accused of killing protesters their freedom.

5 July, Tuesday

Egyptians in Cairo clashed with security guards at a courthouse when the judge ruled to release some of the policemen on trial for the murder of protesters in January.

6 July, Wednesday

Egyptians in the Suez riot when the court rules to uphold its Monday 4 July decision to grant police accused of killing protesters their freedom.

The Muslim Brotherhood leadership confirmed that they would take part in the protests on 8 July, a change from its previous position of discouraging protests on the grounds that they only cause chaos and work against progress towards democracy.

7 July, Thursday

The Egyptian government rejected international supervision of upcoming elections.

8 July, Friday

Calling it the “Friday of Determination,” hundreds of thousands of Egyptians gathered in Tahrir Square and across Egypt to protest the lack of change since the revolution in January.

The Spanish government agreed to had over Hussein Salem to the Egyptian government with a few conditions:including that Hussein Salem receives a fair trial, that Spanish judicial representatives are allowed to attend his trial and that he will not receive the death penalty.

9 July, Saturday

Prime Minister Essam Sharaf spoke to the Egyptian people in response to the protests, saying that he would meet their demands, fire officers accused of shooting protesters, compensate families of martyrs and continue with the trials of key figures in Mubarak’s regime.

13 July, Wednesday

700 police officers were fired from the police force in what was touted as a sincere effort to rid the force of corrupt elements.

16 July, Saturday

Major General Tarek el-Mahdi visited Tahrir square in order to speak with the protesters who were demonstrating against SCAF for not meeting the Revolution’s demands. Al-Mahdi tried to inform the demonstrators that the interim government was willing to release revolutionaries in prisons. However, he was unable to address the protesters due to some drowning him out.

17 July, Sunday

In response to the protests, Prime Minister Essam Sharaf rearranged his cabinet. Among other changes, he dismissed Zahi Hawass, who had been very vocal in his support for Hosni Mubarak in January and February. from his position as antiquities minister.

20 July, Wednesday

SCAF amended articles 40, 43, and 45- 50 in the Egyptian constitution regarding election law.

23 July, Saturday

Thousands of Egyptians, angry at how SCAF has handled the transition of power, marched towards the defense ministry in protest, to be met by thugs armed with sticks, stones, cocktails and other things. The protests may have been set off by a speech commemorating the 1952 coup.

Protests in Abbasiya turn violent resulting in 143 injured.

25 July, Monday

The first trial of El Adly results in an adjournment until 3 August; it will be combined with the Mubarak trial.

28 July, Thursday

Islamists (including Jama’a al-Islamiya, Salafi groups and the Muslim Brotherhood) called for a “Million-strong Demonstration of Islamic Identity,” on Friday, 29 July to express their desires for an Islamic state instead of a secular state. This demonstration was designed to coincide with the demonstrations called for by the secular protest groups.

29 July, Friday

The “Friday of Unity” protest called for by freedom movement leaders was anything but when Tahrir Square was hijacked by Salafists shouting Islamic slogans, and saying they had come to assert Egypt’s Islamic identity, denounce supra-constitutional principles, demand the application of Islamic shari’a, and purge Tahrir of secularists. There were multiple clashes between secularist and Islamic groups in Tahrir.

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